Native American Extermination Order

64 Primary Sources

Jul 28, 1847

WW records BY speech about LDS role in converting Indians.

Mar 31, 1848

Edmund Ellsworth comments on indigenous violence in Utah County.

Feb 1849

OBH records Little Chief asking LDS to kill "mean Ewtes."

Apr 7, 1849

James Bridger and Louis Vazquez comment on indigenous difficulties in Southern settlements.

Apr 12, 1849

Isaac Higbee comments on Indian difficulties in southern settlements in letter addressed to Brigham Young.

Apr 18, 1849

Brigham Young warns John Higbee about Indian attacks, urges them to teach them and be peaceful.

Apr 19, 1849

Dimick B. Huntington highlights friendliness of Indian peoples.

May 18, 1849

Dimick B. Huntington notes that Indians saw Americans as Mormons enemies.

May 28, 1849

BY tells IH et al not to be so familiar w/Indians.

Oct 15, 1849

Isaac Higbee relays account of Indian difficulties to Brigham Young.

Jan 8, 1850

BY warns Utah Valley settlement against warring with Indians.

Jan 31, 1850

Brigham Young orders killing of Native Americans.

Jan 31, 1850

Wells orders Scott to "[exterminate] . . . hostile clans and sue for peace."

Jan 31, 1850

Daniel H. Wells instructs John Scott to exterminate hostile indigenous groups.

Feb 1850

Daniel H. Wells reports on aftermath of conflict.

Feb 4, 1850

EFAI keeps account of their company taking action against Utah Indians who had been harassing settlers.

Feb 4, 1850

Howard Stansbury offers assistance to Brigham in fighting indigenous Americans.

Feb 5, 1850

Daniel H. Wells instructs J.J. Hammond to mobilize materiel for expedition.

Feb 8, 1850

George Howland reports on battle with Indians in a letter to Daniel H. Wells.

Feb 9, 1850

GH reports on militia mobilization.

Feb 9, 1850

Daniel H. Wells orders John Brown to patrol road and watch Indian movements.

Feb 9, 1850

George Howland offers account to Daniel H. Wells of expedition.

Feb 9, 1850

Daniel H. Wells offers instructions to George D. Grant on executing expedition.

Feb 11, 1850

Daniel H. Wells issues order regarding the capturing of Indians.

Feb 12, 1850

Brigham encourages Daniel H. Wells' expedition.

Feb 13, 1850

Brigham wishes success to expedition.

Feb 14, 1850

George Fullmer speaks to Daniel H. Wells of actions taken with captive women and children.

Feb 15, 1850

Sgt. Whitney describes killing three Indians in letter addressed to Daniel H. Wells.

Feb 16, 1850

Daniel H. Wells issues orders to "route" Indians "wherever they may find them."

Feb 16, 1850

George Fullmer mentions Andrew L. Lamoreaux's killing of three Indians.

Feb 18, 1850

DHW orders intel gathering and executions for those who do not accept peace.

Feb 20, 1850

Wakara/Walker tells that Mormons killed his friend, does not want to fight.

Feb 21, 1850

Morley provides account of expedition including numbers of deaths.

Feb 23, 1850

Daniel H. Wells orders William McBride to release prisoner, confirms Black Hawk's authority, urges compliance.

Feb 25, 1850

Robert Campbell references occurrence of conflict with Utah Indians in personal diary.

Feb 28, 1850

BW meets with W over death of Indian children.

Feb 28, 1850

Brigham Young recounts the expedition to Orson Hyde.

Mar 2, 1850

GDG charges JS for lack of support for expedition.

Mar 15, 1850

Isaac Morley reports to Brigham that Wakara believes Mormon presence is beneficial.

Mar 16, 1850

David Fullmer comments on effects of expedition.

Mar 21, 1850

Daniel H. Wells speaks of distribution of loot from Utah war.

May 1, 1850

DHW provides counsel to Wakara for peace.

May 13, 1850

Daniel H. Wells tells Wakara to listen to local bishop.

May 22, 1850

BY encourages peace with Wakara.

Aug 25, 1850

Isaac Higbee writes to Brigham to tell about Indigenous persons stealing horses.

Jul 8, 1851

Farr writes to Brigham informing him of Indians stealing horses from the settlers.

Jul 11, 1851

Brigham tells Farr to avoid violent retribution.

May 7, 1853

Brigham tells Isaac Morley that Wakara is a "friend," and they will become "white and delightsome."

May 7, 1853

Brigham Young provides account of Indian difficulties.

Aug 15, 1853

Geore McKenzie provides brief account of 1853 difficulties.

Dec 3, 1853

Brigham promises lenience to Indians who have killed and stolen.

May 14, 1854

Thomas D. Brown records David Lewis speaking about utilizing Paiute as a "battle axe."

Sep 8, 1855

Brigham tells Jefferson Davis that Kenosh not guilty in Gunnison Massacre.


Howard Stansbury provides account of expedition's aftermath planning.

Jan 16, 1856

Kenosh speaks to the Utah Territorial Legislature about his intentions.


Edward Tullidge highlights laws passed following Parley P. Pratt visit in July 1849 to Utah Valley settlement.


Tullidge reports that Huntington swore an oath to the Timpanogas Indians to respect their rights.


DHW provides account of expedition.


DHW provides account of expedition.

Jul 1884

Tullidge records Brigham sending the first party south to settle Provo and early conflicts with Indians.

Oct 1949

Spencer W. Kimball comments on Native Americans.


Richard L. Saunders offers summary background on indigenous makeup of 19th-century Utah.

Dec 31, 2007

Garland Hurt recounts how Paiute collaborated with Mormons during Mountain Meadows Massacre.

Jul 25, 2010

R. Scott Lloyd reports Marlin K. Jensen saying that Indigenous peoples lost land and "cultural birthright."


Utah History Encyclopedia provides biographical details of Kanosh, American Indian chief who joined Church in 1858.