B. H. Roberts's Testimony

69 Primary Sources


DdL calls the fiber (kapok) of the Ceiba tree "silk."


FSC makes reference to Spanish comparing native fibers to silk.

Jan 28, 1908

Richard Rathbun tells Charles A. Shook that the Anthon manuscript has no relationship to American or Middle Eastern languages.


CAS criticizes BOM claims about metallurgy, horses, etc.

Aug 22, 1921

WER inquires of JET about BOM questions.

Aug 22, 1921

WER encloses questions from MC for BHR about BOM issues.

Nov 11, 1921

GWM comments on difficulty of WER's questions, answers them.

Dec 1921

Janne Sjodahl explains how others may pre-date/co-exist with Book of Mormon peoples.

Dec 3, 1921

RVC acknowledges difficulty of providing scientific answers re: indigenous Americans.

Dec 20, 1921

WER gives BOM questions to JET, writes BHR.

Dec 28, 1921

BHR promises to answer WER's questions.

Dec 29, 1921

BHR writes report highlighting seriousness of BOM questions/issues.

Jan 1, 1922

BHR says JS could have used creative imagination to write BOM.

Jan 4, 1922

JET uses BOM as evidence for horses in America.

Jan 9, 1922

BHR articulates his disappointment on the meeting with HJG over BOM.

Jan 31, 1922

BHR comments on the need to have stronger apologetics for the BOM.

Feb 2, 1922

JET reports on meeting with BHR, JAW, AI re: BOM.

Feb 6, 1922

BHR comments on difficulty in answering Mr. Couch's questions.

Mar 15, 1922

BHR writes report on his confidence in solving BOM difficulties.

Apr 28, 1922

JET meets with JHM over BOM difficulties.

May 1922

Janne M. Sjodahl criticizes "higher criticism" of Bible and BOM in Juvenile Instructor.

Oct 1926

B.H. Roberts affirms in 1926 that he thinks BOM objections can eventually be answered.

Oct 24, 1927

B. H. Roberts thinks research on Ethan Smith and View of the Hebrews would be helpful to future apologists.

Apr 1928

BHR thanks God for bringing forth BOM.


BHR comments on antiquity of BOM.


B. H. Roberts says "ancient American race" represented in Book of Mormon.

Apr 1929

B.H. Roberts says D&C and BOM have equal weight in inspiration.

Apr 1930

BHR speaks to BOM's divinity and prophetic qualities.

Apr 9, 1930

B.H. Roberts describes the Book of Mormon as historic text in April 1930 General Conference.

Dec 1932

BHR offers testimony of JS.

Aug 7, 1933

Wesley Lloyd reports on conversation with B.H. Roberts about Church's reaction to studies.

Jan 1956

BHR charts similarities between View of the Hebrews and BOM.


Clayton E. Ray writes on potential for Pre-Columbian horses in Journal of Mammalogy.


MW calls native fiber "wild silk."

Oct 1977

RM et al. make reference to "steeled iron" in the 10th century B.C.


Truman G. Madsen offers summary of B.H. Roberts's advocacy for the Church.


Truman G. Madsen mentions B.H. Roberts being described as the "warhorse."


BHR died of complications related to diabetes.

Dec 1983

Truman G. Madsen comments on B.H. Roberts's BOM studies in the Ensign.


John L. Sorenson provides evidence of loan-shifting in Mesoamerica.

Dec 1985

TGM records ESH's comments about BHR remaining a believer in the BOM during his BOM Study.

Dec 31, 1985

John W. Welch's summary of Book of Mormon research since B. H. Roberts.

Mar 1986

JW celebrates BHR's BOM studies.


AM makes reference to a pick from the 11th century B.C. "made of real steel."


BDM comments on BHR's belief in the BOM.


MLF's 1992 presentations on correspondences between Old World and New World languages.


JLS argues that the BOM contains strong implicit support for "others" being in the land when Lehi arrived and their being incorporated into the Nephites and Lamanites.


MJF in the AYBD makes reference to "sickle swords" in pre-exilic Israel.


RD makes reference to, and provides image of, a "sickle sword" in pre-exilic Egypt.


MRB and SMB list "wild horses" among animals in Mesoamerica that went extinct from around 11,000-7,000 B.C.

Jun 1996

RFK makes argument for identification of MC.


MR arguing for presence of indigenous people among BOM groups based on Nephi's interpretation of Isaiah.


DCP and MP discuss plausibility of BOM "horses" being Mesoamerican tapirs.

Nov 17, 2004

JAT argues for presence of "others" in BOM Lands based on presence of idolatry among BOM peoples.


JEC gives an overview of the growth in the BOM's historical accuracy since its initial publication.

May 2005

BTO argues for presence of "others" in BOM lands based on Helaman 5-7.

Jul 17, 2005

PI writes about the discovery of the skeleton of a horse that may have lived and died 50 years before Spanish conquered California.


JEC gives an overview of the growth in the BOM's historical plausibility since 1830.

Dec 29, 2009

JH et al argue for dating of horse remains in Alaska to 10500 years BP based on sedimentary DNA analysis.


JLS theorizes that BOM "horses" may have been Mesoamerican tapirs.


Church listing BOM changes to Introduction re: Native American principal ancestors.


BDS's book-length study of connections between Afro-Asiatic and Uto-Aztecan languages.


BA and MK calls one of Goliath's weapons on 1 Samuel 17:45 (Hebrew כידון, kydwn) a "scimitar."


WEM and MR give an overview of modern scholarship and "horses" in the BOM.


APA and FRC on Horses Surviving into Post-Pleistocene Times in Mesoamerica.

Dec 2019

SCM's MA Thesis arguing BHR did lose faith, evidenced by 1922 meetings with Church leadership.


BDS responds to criticisms of his work on the relationship between Afro-Asiatic and Uto-Aztecan languages.

Dec 8, 2021

Murchie et al. publish paper on DNA research of 3000BC North American horses.

Dec 9, 2021

Smithsonian Magazine publishes a story on new evidence of North American horse DNA as recently as 5,000 years ago.