Did Joseph Smith teach that men who look like Quakers live on the moon?
According to Huntington, Joseph taught: "Inhabitants of the Moon are more of a uniform size than the inhabitants of the Earth, being about 6 feet in height. They dress very much like the Quaker style & are quite general in style or the one fashion of dress. They live to be very old; coming generally, near a thousand years."
There is no account of this from Philo Dibble, and no other corroborating sources for Huntington's claim.
Joseph Smith and Quakers on the Moon
December 7, 1836
June 27, 1844
Joseph Smith is martyred.
35 years pass
ca. January–February 1881
Oliver Huntington records in his journal that he heard from Philo Dibble that Joseph Smith taught the moon was inhabited.
Oliver Huntington again publishes in the Young Woman's Journal a recollection of his blessing about preaching to men on the moon, but adds that he is "confident" that it is referring to a time after mortality.
Did other Latter-day Saints believe people lived on the moon or the sun?
Yes. Early Latter-day Saints such as Hyrum Smith[BIO] and Brigham Young[BIO] apparently believed this. Joseph Smith Sr.[BIO] also gave a patriarchal blessing that spoke of Lorenzo Snow having "power to go to the moon."
Although some nineteenth-century Latter-day Saints argued that the moon was probably not inhabited.
Was it common to believe the moon was inhabited in the nineteenth century?
Why did some Latter-day Saints think the moon was inhabited?
Is the moon inhabited?
No. The moon has a weak atmosphere with only trace levels of oxygen, no liquid water, and cannot natively support human life.
“What I think is happening here is a misunderstanding or misconstrued recounting of the concept of the terrestrial kingdom in heaven; which is comparable to the glory of the moon. Perhaps he'd teach people in the spirit world the gospel.”
“I personally believe that teaching to people on the moon may refer to when we die we can preach the gospel to people on the terrestrial kingdom, often represented by the moon. So being able to ¨preach to the people on the moon¨ is more of a metaphor than literal.”